Atomic Energy Commission of Syria




Wed 7 Oct 2015. The 2015 Nobel Prize for chemistry has been jointly awarded to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich, and Aziz Sancar for mechanistic studies of DNA repair. Having mapped, at a molecular level, how cells repair damaged DNA and safeguard the genetic information, their work has provided fundamental knowledge of how a living cell functions and is, for instance, used for the development of new cancer treatments. They have provided fundamental insights into how cells function, knowledge that can be used, for instance, in the development of new cancer treatments. More




Tue 6 Oct 2015. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2015 recognises Takaaki Kajita in Japan and Arthur B. McDonald in Canada, for their key contributions to the experiments which demonstrated that neutrinos change identities. This metamorphosis requires that neutrinos have mass. The discovery has changed our understanding of the innermost workings of matter and can prove crucial to our view of the universe. A neutrino puzzle that physicists had wrestled with for decades had been resolved. Compared to theoretical calculations of the number of neutrinos, up to two thirds of the neutrinos were missing in measurements performed on Earth. Now, the two experiments discovered that the neutrinos had changed identities. More




Mon 5 Oct 2015. The Nobel Prize for medicine has been jointly awarded to two scientists for their work on diseases caused by parasites and another for her research into the treatment of malaria. The winners are William Campbell of Ireland and Satoshi Omura of Japan, who discovered a new drug to treat parasitic diseases, and Youyou Tu of China, who used Chinese herbal medicine to find a new kind of antimalarial agent. More




Sun 27 Sep 2015. Small-scale nuclear fusion may be a new energy source according to a new research. Nuclear fusion is a process whereby atomic nuclei melt together and release energy. Because of the low binding energy of the tiny atomic nuclei, energy can be released by combining two small nuclei with a heavier one. Fusion energy may soon be used in small-scale power stations. This means producing environmentally friendly heating and electricity at a low cost from fuel found in water. Both heating generators and generators for electricity could be developed within a few years. The research looked at a new type of nuclear fusion process where almost no neutrons are released but instead fast, heavy electrons (muons), since it is based on nuclear reactions in ultra-dense heavy hydrogen (deuterium). More


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